torah – Teachings
5 Then Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more. 6 He said to them, “Please listen to this dream which I have had; 7 for behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, my sheaf rose up and also stood erect; and behold, your sheaves gathered around and bowed down to my sheaf.” 8 Then his brothers said to him, “Are you actually going to reign over us? Or are you really going to rule over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words. 9 Now he had still another dream, and related it to his brothers, and said, “Lo, I have had still another dream; and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 10 He related [it] to his father and to his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have had? Shall I and your mother and your brothers actually come to bow ourselves down before you to the ground?”[Gen NASB]
genuzim – Apocrypha
1. After this law I beheld another law of an inferior luminary, the name of which is the moon, and the orb of which is as the orb of heaven.2. Its chariot, which it secretly ascends, the wind blows; and light is given to it by measure.3. Every month at its exit and entrance it becomes changed; and its periods are as the periods of the sun. And when in like manner its light is to exist, its light is a seventh portion from the light of the sun.4. Thus it rises, and at its commencement towards the east goes forth for thirty days.5. At that time it appears, and becomes to you the beginning of the month. Thirty days it is with the sun in the gate from which the sun goes forth.6. Half of it is in extent seven portions, one half; and the whole of its orb is void of light, except a seventh portion out of the fourteen portions of its light. And in a day it receives a seventh portion, or half that portion, of its light. Its light is by sevens, by one portion, and by the half of a portion. It sets with the sun.7. And when the sun rises, the moon rises with it; receiving half a portion of light.8. On that night, when it commences its period, previously to the day of the month, the moon sets with the sun.9. And on that night it is dark in its fourteen portions, that is, in each half; but it rises on that day with one seventh portion precisely, and in its progress declines from the rising of the sun.10. During the remainder of its period its light increases to fourteen portions.
1. Then I saw another progress and regulation which He effected in the law of the moon. The progress of the moons, and everything relating to them, Uriel showed me, the set apart messenger who conducted them all.2. Their stations I wrote down as he showed them to me.3. I wrote down their months, as they occur, and the appearance of their light, until it is completed in fifteen days.4. In each of its two seven portions it completes all its light at rising and at setting.5. On stated months it changes its settings; and on stated months it makes its progress through each gate. In two gates the moon sets with the sun, viz. in those two gates which are in the midst, in the third and fourth gate. From the third gate it goes forth for seven days, and makes its circuit.6. Again it returns to the gate whence the sun goes forth, and in that completes the whole of its light. Then it declines from the sun, and enters in eight days into the sixth gate, and returns in seven days to the third gate, from which the sun goes forth.7. When the sun proceeds to the fourth gate, the moon goes forth for seven days, until it passes from the fifth gate.8. Again it returns in seven days to the fourth gate, and completing all its light, declines, and passes on by the first gate in eight days;9. And returns in seven days to the fourth gate, from which the sun goes forth.10. Thus I beheld their stations, as according to the fixed order of the months the sun rises and sets.11. At those times there is an excess of thirty days belonging to the sun in five years; all the days belonging to each year of the five years, when completed, amount to three hundred and sixty-four days; and to the sun and stars belong six days; six days in each of the five years; thus thirty days belong to them;12. So that the moon has thirty days less than the sun and stars.13. The moon brings on all the years exactly, that their stations may come neither too forwards nor too backwards a single day; but that the years may be changed with correct precision in three hundred and sixty-four days. In three years the days are one thousand and ninety-two; in five years they are one thousand eight hundred and twenty; and in eight years two thousand nine hundred and twelve days.14. To the moon alone belong in three years one thousand and sixty-two days; in five years it has fifty days less than the sun, for an addition being made to the one thousand and sixty-two days, in five years there are one thousand seven hundred and seventy days; and the days of the moon in eight years are two thousand eight hundred and thirty-two days.15. For its days in eight years are less than those of the sun by eighty days, which eighty days are its diminution in eight years.16. The year then becomes truly complete according to the station of the moons, and the station of the sun; which rise in the different gates; which rise and set in them for thirty days.
12. Twelve gates I beheld in heaven, at the extremities of the earth, through which the sun, moon, and stars, and all the works of heaven, proceed at their rising and setting.
2. The moon has four names. The first is Asonya; the second, Ebla; the third, Benase; and the fourth, Erae.3. These are the two great luminaries, whose orbs are as the orbs of heaven; and the dimensions of both are equal.4. In the orb of the sun there is a seventh portion of light, which is added to it from the moon. By measure it is put in, until a seventh portion of the light of the sun is departed. They set, enter into the western gate, circuit by the north, and through the eastern gate go forth over the face of heaven.5. When the moon rises, it appears in heaven; and the half of a seventh portion of light is all which is in it.6. In fourteen days the whole of its light is completed.7. By three quintuples light is put into it, until in fifteen days its light is completed, according to the signs of the year; it has three quintuples.8. The moon has the half of a seventh portion.9. During its diminution on the first day its light decreases a fourteenth part; on the second day it decreases a thirteenth part; on the third day a twelfth part; on the fourth day an eleventh part; on the fifth day a tenth part; on the sixth day a ninth part; on the seventh day it decreases an eighth part; on the eighth day it decreases a seventh part; on the ninth day it decreases a sixth part; on the tenth day it decreases a fifth part; on the eleventh day it decreases a fourth part; on the twelfth day it decreases a third part; on the thirteenth day it decreases a second part; on the fourteenth day it decreases a half of its seventh part; and on the fifteenth day the whole remainder of its light is consumed.10. On stated months the moon has twenty-nine days.11. It also has a period of twenty-eight days.12. Uriel likewise showed me another regulation, when light is poured into the moon, how it is poured into it from the sun.13. All the time that the moon is in progress with its light, it is poured into it in the presence of the sun, until its light is in fourteen days completed in heaven.14. And when it is wholly extinguished, its light is consumed in heaven; and on the first day it is called the new moon, for on that day light is received into it.15. It becomes precisely completed on the day that the sun descends into the west, while the moon ascends at night from the east.16. The moon then shines all the night, until the sun rises before it; when the moon disappears in turn before the sun.17. Where light comes to the moon, there again it decreases, until all its light is extinguished, and the days of the moon pass away.18. Then its orb remains solitary without light.19. During three months it effects in thirty days each month its period; and during three more months it effects it in twenty-nine days each. These are the times in which it effects its decrease in its first period, and in the first gate, namely, in one hundred and seventy-seven days.20. And at the time of its going forth during three months it appears thirty days each, and during three more months it appears twenty-nine days each.21. In the night it appears for each twenty days as the face of a man, and in the day as heaven; for it is nothing else except its light.
2. He showed me every ordinance respecting these, which takes place at all times and in all seasons under every influence, in all years, at the arrival and under the rule of each, during every month and every week. He showed me also the decrease of the moon, which is effected in the sixth gate; for in that sixth gate is its light consumed.3. From this is the beginning of the month; and its decrease is effected in the sixth gate in its period, until a hundred and seventy-seven days are completed; according to the mode of computation by weeks, twenty-five weeks and two days.4. Its period is less than that of the sun, according to the ordinance of the stars, by five days in one half year precisely.5. When that their visible situation is completed. Such is the appearance and likeness of every luminary, which Thiel, the great messenger who conducts them, showed to me.
Dead Sea Scrolls
Mishmerot B + C
In the 1st year, the full moon is on the 4th day of Gamul, on the 1st day of the 1st month.